We are proud of the world-class educators and researchers we have supported through our grant programs. Following are examples of the achievements WRF has helped make possible.
Bing Brunton is the WRF Innovation Assistant Professor at the University of Washington’s Institute for Neuroengineering (UWIN). She is jointly appointed by UW’s biology department.
Brunton’s research focuses on the intersection of neuroscience and data science—primarily, the ways in which computer models can be used to analyze how large networks of neurons and the electrical signals they use to communicate can give rise to sensation, action, decisions and emotions. Brunton takes vast quantities of data from human and animal brain activity and analyzes it for coherent patterns, looking for correspondences between these patterns and behavior. From this, she builds mathematical models to understand brain function and aims to develop programmatic approaches to intervene during brain dysfunction.
Following her bachelor’s degree in biology from Caltech, Brunton completed her Ph.D. at Princeton. The WRF funding enabled UWIN to hire Brunton, allowing her to make the transition from postdoctoral researcher to faculty and set up a research group in the process.
Brunton was awarded a Sloan Fellowship, which honors “early-career scientists whose achievements and potential identify them as rising stars,” in 2016.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women in the United States, and Dr. Charles Murry and his team at UW Medicine are committed to changing this within 10 years.
Murry is the co-director of the Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine (ISCRM). ISCRM’s Heart Regeneration Program develops stem cell therapies for heart disease, focusing on regenerating heart tissue in patients at risk of congestive heart failure following a heart attack. The tissue damage caused by heart attacks is usually permanent and vastly increases a patient’s risk of future problems.
The Heart Regeneration Program has repaired hearts in animal models by implanting healthy cardiac muscle cells into the damaged heart.
In October 2015, WRF pledged $10 million to Dr. Murry and his colleagues to develop a method of growing healthy cardiac muscle that can be implanted into patients soon after they suffer a heart attack. The hope is to begin testing this novel heart regeneration method in clinical trials by the end of the five-year grant.
Metabolomics concentrates on developing a deep understanding of metabolism by identifying and characterizing many hundreds of small molecules or metabolites within biological systems. It is a relatively new field of study that the University of Washington has targeted as a strategic area of research with significant potential for better fundamental understanding of disease and health, as well as for the translation of new technologies to the clinic.
Dr. Daniel Raftery is an internationally renowned expert in metabolomics, with an emphasis on developing new diagnostics for breast, colon and esophageal cancers, plus new methods of analyzing metabolites in complex biological systems.
A WRF Faculty Recruitment Award of $500,000 has helped bring Dr. Raftery to the UW, where he heads the Northwest Metabolomics Research Center and take up professorships in the Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine and Chemistry Departments. He is also a full member at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and previously a professor of chemistry at Purdue University. The grant will provide equipment and staff support for Dr. Raftery’s lab and will assist him in solidifying the program that will help ensure that the UW is at the forefront of world-class metabolomics research.
In the University of Washington's Aeronautics and Astronautics Department, Drs. Uri Shumlak and Brian Nelson are working on the next generation of flow-stabilized light sources for use in extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUV) for the semiconductor industry.
EUV has vast potential in areas including the manufacturing of computer chips. The primary challenges are that current EUV light sources are technologically limited to short bursts and can overload power supplies when run at levels appropriate for high-volume state-of-the-art manufacturing.
Drs. Shumlak and Nelson have developed a new EUV technology that will operate effectively with existing power supplies. A grant of $50,000 from WRF is being used to help them build a functioning prototype of their Flow Z EUV Light Source technology. By enabling the emission of EUV light for significantly longer periods of time, higher output power levels can be achieved and will bridge the gap between the limitations of presently available technology and the requirements to take semiconductor manufacturing to the next level.
Bridget Bertoni is a second-year physics graduate student working with Professors Ann Nelson and Sanjay Reddy at the University of Washington. The group is studying a model for dark matter in an attempt to understand more about its properties.
A satisfactory description of dark matter has not yet been offered by scientists, despite observations of its effects dating back to the 1930s. Better understanding of these properties will lead to greater insight into the history and detailed particle content of the universe, where it accounts for nearly a quarter of its total energy density.
Ms. Bertoni received her bachelor's degree in physics and mathematics from the University of Pittsburgh. An ARCS Fellowship, funded by Washington Research Foundation, was a strong factor in her decision to pursue a doctorate in theoretical physics at the UW. The opportunity to work with such a distinguished group of scientists, coupled with the financial help offered by ARCS, has greatly energized her work and allowed her to concentrate full time on her studies.